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Instruction For Authors

 

General

 

Authors should only submit original work that has neither appeared elsewhere for publication nor which is under review for another refereed publication. The Journal welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meets the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence. Papers will be published approximately one month after acceptance.

 

Authorship

 

Authorship credit should be based on a substantial intellectual contribution. It is assumed that all authors have had a significant role in the creation of a manuscript that bears their names. Therefore, the list of authors on an article serves multiple purposes; it indicates who is responsible for the work and to whom questions regarding the work should be addressed. Moreover, the credit implied by authorship is often used as a measure of the contributors’ productivity when they are evaluated for employment, promotions, grants, and prizes.

 

The authorship criteria must be based on:

 

1) Substantial contributions to conception and design or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data.

 

3) Final approval of the version of the paper to be published.

 

Submission Of Manuscripts

 

The submitting (Corresponding) author is responsible for ensuring that the article's publication has been approved by all the other coauthors. It is also the authors' responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular institution are submitted with the approval of the necessary institution.Only an acknowledgment from the editorial office officially establishes the date of receipt.

 

 Further correspondence and proofs will be sent to the corresponding author(s) before publication unless otherwise indicated. It is a condition for submission of a paper that the authors permit editing of the paper for readability. All enquiries concerning the submission of manuscript(s) should be addressed to    *email add: ?

 

Electronic submission of manuscripts is strongly encouraged, provided that the text, tables, and figures are included in a single Microsoft Word file (preferably in Arial font).

 

Manuscripts should be uploaded as e-mail attachment to the editorial office at:

 

email add: ? A manuscript number will be mailed to the corresponding author same day or within 48 hours.

 

The cover letter should include the corresponding author's full address and telephone/fax numbers and should be in an e-mail message sent to the editor, with the file, whose name should begin with the first author's surname, as an attachment. The author(s) may also suggest three to five reviewers for the manuscript Kaleidoscope Journal of Biological Sciences (KJBS) may designate other reviewers).

Kaleidoscope Journal of Biological Sciences (KJBS) will only accept manuscripts submitted as e-mail attachments.

 

 Manuscript’s Category

 

Article Types

 

Three types of manuscripts may be submitted:

 

Regular Articles: These should describe new and carefully confirmed findings, and experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail for others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be the minimum required to describe and interpret the work clearly. Research Article should arrange in the following order: abstract, brief introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, acknowledgements, references, figures, tables.

 

Reviews: Review articles are an attempt by one or more authors to sum up the current state of the research on a particular topic. Ideally, the author searches for everything relevant to the topic, and then sorts it all out into a coherent view of the “state of the art” as it now stands. Review Articles should inform about:

 

        •  the main researchers working in a field

 

        •  recent major advances and discoveries

 

        •  significant gaps in the research

 

        •  current debates

 

        •  future directions

 

Submissions of reviews and perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and encouraged. Reviews should be concise and no longer than 4 to 6 printed pages (about 12 to 18 manuscript pages). Reviews are also peer-reviewed.

 

Short Communications: A Short Communication is suitable for recording the results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses, innovative methods, techniques or apparatus. The style of main sections need not conform to that of full-length papers. Short communications are 2 to 4 printed pages (about 6 to 12 manuscript pages) in length.

 

Review Process

 

KJBS shall not accept or publish manuscripts in its online journals without prior peer review. There shall be a review process of manuscripts by one or more independent referees who are conversant in the pertinent subject area. Editors of KJMMS shall follow the review process which shall be clearly defined.

 

Referees shall treat the contents of papers under review as privileged information not to be disclosed to others before publication.

 

The editor evaluates the recommendation and notifies the author of the manuscript status. The manuscript may be:

 

• accepted as it is

 

• accepted after minor revision

 

• accepted after major revision

 

• rejected

 

The comments of the anonymous reviewers will be forwarded to the authors, and when the authors are ready to submit their revised manuscript, read the comments of the editors and reviewers, and respond to them by telling what modifications they have made in their manuscript or why they have not made the suggested changes.

 

Decisions will be made as rapidly as possible, and the journal strives to return reviewers’ comments to authors within 3 weeks. The editorial board will re-review manuscripts that are accepted pending revision. It is the goal of the KJBS to publish manuscripts within 8 weeks after submission.

 

NOTE: If minor revision is required, authors should return a revised version as soon as possible within 15 days. If major revision is required, authors should return a revised version within 25 days.

 

Regular Articles

 

All portions of the manuscript must be typed double-spaced and all pages numbered starting from the title page.

 

The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the authors' full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax and e-mail information. Present addresses of authors should appear as a footnote.

 

The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. The abstract should be 100 to 200 words in length. Complete sentences, active verbs, and the third person should be used, and the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited.

 

Following the abstract, about 3 to 10 key words that will provide indexing references should be listed.

 

A list of non-standard Abbreviations should be added. In general, non-standard abbreviations should be used only when the full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelt out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text. Only recommended SI units should be used. Authors should use the solidus presentation (mg/ml). Standard abbreviations (such as ATP and DNA) need not be defined.

 

The Introduction should provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines.

 

Materials and Methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address. Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in detail.

 

Results should be presented with clarity and precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the author(s)'s experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the results but should be put into the discussion section.

 

The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. The Results and Discussion sections can include subheadings, and when appropriate, both sections can be combined.

 

Acknowledgements: Contributors to the research other than authors credited should be mentioned under acknowledgement. The specifications of the source of funding for the research if appropriate can be included. Suppliers of resources may be mentioned along with address.The Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.

 

Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The details of the methods used in the experiments should preferably be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph forms or repeated in the text.

 

Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.

 

Format

 

Language: The language of publication is UK English. Authors, for whom English is a second language, must have their manuscript efficiently edited by an English speaking person before submission to make sure that, the English is of high excellence. It is preferable, that manuscripts should be professionally edited.

 

References

 

References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order. Articles in preparation or articles submitted for publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. should not be included in the reference list but should only be mentioned in the article text (e.g., A. Kingori, University of Nairobi, Kenya, personal communication). Journal names are abbreviated according to Chemical Abstracts. Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references.

 

Citing References in the Text    

 

            Whenever citing a reference in the text source, it is made with its author’s surname and the year of publication is to be inserted in the text. Choose from the listed below to see examples:

 

 

 

      •  Citing the author in the text

 

      •  Using direct quotes

 

      •  Citing works by more than one author

 

      •  Citing works by three or more authors

 

      •  Citing a chapter of section

 

      •  Citing an organization

 

      •  Citing works by the same author written in the same year

 

      •  Citing secondary sources

 

Citing the Author in the Text

 

Dogs were the first animals to be domesticated (Sheldrake, 1999).

 

If the author’s name occurs naturally in the sentence the year is given in brackets.

 

Sheldrake (1999) asserted that dogs were the first animals to be domesticated.

 

Using Direct Quotes

 

If you quote directly from a source, you must insert the author’s name, date of publication and the page number of the quotation. The domestication of dogs, long predated the domestication of other animals (Sheldrake, 1999).

 

Citing works by more than one Author

 

If your source has two authors, you should include both names in the text.

 

Anderson and Poole (1998) note that a “narrow line often separates plagiarism from good scholarship.”

 

Citing works by three or more Authors

 

If there are three or more authors, you should include the first named author and then add ‘et al.’ in italics followed by a full stop. This is an abbreviation of ‘et alia’ which means ‘and others’ in Latin.

 

In the United States, revenue from computer games now exceeds that of movies (Kline et al., 2003).

 

 

 

Citing Chapter or Section

 

When referring to a chapter or section which is part of a larger work, you should cite the author of the chapter not the editor of the whole work.

 

The sea level has risen by approximately 10cm in the last 100 years (Mason, 1999)

 

Citing an Organization

 

If an organization or company (e.g., Department of Health, Arcadia Group Limited) is named as the author of a work rather than a person, you should cite their names. Make sure that you use the same version of the organizations name in both the Text and List of references (e.g., always use ‘Department of Health’, don’t abbreviate to ‘DoH’).

 

Spain became a member of the United Nations in 1955 (United Nations, 2000).

 

Citing Secondary Sources

 

When citing secondary sources (i.e., an author refers to a work which you have not read) cite the secondary source, but include the name of the author and date of publication of the original source in the text.

 

Only the secondary source should be listed in your List of references. You should only cite secondary sources if you are unable to read the original source yourself.

 

Sheff (1993) notes that Nintendo invested heavily in advertising (cited in Kline et al., 2003, p.118).

 

 

Short Communications

 

Short Communications are limited to a maximum of two figures and one table. They should present a complete study that is more limited in scope than is found in full-length papers. The items of manuscript preparation listed above apply to Short Communications with the following differences: (1) Abstracts are limited to 100 words; (2) instead of a separate Materials and Methods section, experimental procedures may be incorporated into Figure Legends and Table footnotes; (3) Results and Discussion should be combined into a single section.

 

Proofs and Reprints: Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file.  Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage.  Because KJBS will be published online without access restrictions, authors will have electronic access to the full text (PDF) of the article. Authors can download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.

 

Copyright: Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.

 

Fees

Kaleidoscope Journals (KJ) is a self supporting organization and does not receive funding from any institution/government. Hence, the operation of the journal is solely financed by the processing fees received from authors. The processing fees are required to meet operations expenses such as employees, salaries, internet services, electricity etc. Being an Open Access Journal,  KJ does not receive payment for subscription as the journals are freely accessible over the internet. It costs money to produce a peer-reviewed, edited, and formatted article that is ready for online publication, and to host it on a server that is freely accessible without barriers around the clock. We ask that - as a small part of the cost of doing the research--the author, institution, or funding agency pays a modest processing fee to help cover the actual cost of the essential final step of the publication, a processing fee of 400USD/300EUR/252GBP is required. accepting to pay processing fees is not a guarantee that the article will be published. Processing fees are accepted only after a manuscript has been reviewed and accepted for publication. Authors may still request (in advance) for waiver fees under special circumstances.

 

 

 

 

                  

                                                                                                 Related Journals:

KALEIDOSCOPE JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE (KJAS)
KALEIDOSCOPE JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND REVIEW (KJERR)
KALEIDOSCOPE JsOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE (KJBS)
KALEIDOSCOPE JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT AND BUSINESS STUDIES (KJMBS)